[Anfal] was intended to make the Kurds of Iraqi Kurdistan and their rural way of life disappear forever. [It] was a "final solution," implemented by the Iraqi government, the Ba'ath Party and the Iraqi army. Anfal began from the . . .assumption that, foreseeing a possible cease-fire in the Iran-Iraq war, it was time to settle the "Kurdish problem" once and for all.
-- Draft for "The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan: The Destruction of Koreme,: Middle East Watch Report", January 1993.